With yellow wheat fields, its young volcanoes
and its infinite steppe, the plateaus of Anatolia
offers a stern landscape. But a look at this history
reveals millennia rich with emotive episodes.
Because of its location in the center of the country,
the region has been a historical junction of major
trade routes and a crossroads of the migrations
of people and nations.
The two superpowers in antiquity were Egypt and
the Hittite Empire that emerged in Central Anatolia.
The Hittites distinguished themselves not only
through the civilizations they created, but also
through the state structure they evolved and their
tolerant respect for human rights.
Throughout history, the steppes of Anatolia have
witnessed battles between powerful armies in quest
of domination. It has been invaded by Alexander
the Great as well as Timurlane. The Seljuk Turks
left their mark in Central Anatolia through their
remarkable architecture and decorative arts. In
recent history, the struggle for independence
was launched here and the first National Assembly
met in Ankara, a landmark in the history of Turkey
and of the region. Finally, after the turbulence
of thousands of years, Central Anatolia achieved
peace and stability. Now, this region, with Ankara
as its capital and other booming cities, is rapidly
catching up with the developed world.