The blue waters that caress Turkey's western
coastline have given their name to the entire
region, known as the Aegean. These lands were
once home to many great civilizations, empires
and states, out of which sprung some of the world's
finest mathematicians, scientists, architects
The mountains of the Aegean drop vertically into
the sea, crossing fertile plains and ensuring
a temperate climate. The people who once lived
here were mostly engaged in agriculture and commerce
through which they achieved a certain prosperity.
They built beautiful cities and monuments and
developed new techniques of both farming and construction.
A visitor wandering through the ruins of the region
today, spread like an open-air museum, can sense
how this land was once a cradle of civilizations,
inspiring admiration and fascination throughout
the ages. Indeed, the Aegean and Mediterranean
coasts of Turkey encompass the world's richest
collection of ancient ruins and monuments. The
people who live in the region today, now the second
most developed area of Turkey, continue to be
blessed by nature. The inland cities have also
experienced a remarkable growth in recent years.