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Bursa is situated at the junction of Uludag, a mountain with snow covered peaks throughout the year, and an immense fertile plain. It was founded by King Prusias of Bythnia in the 2nd century BC, and continued its existence under the Roman Empire and Byzantium. After being captured by the Ottomans, it became the capital of the Empire for almost a century. The capital was then moved to Edirne, but Bursa maintained its importance. The founder of the Ottoman Empire, Sultan Osman, and the five sultans who succeeded him are buried here. The city's historical interest is mainly the Ottoman monuments, the most significant of which is the Yesil Turbe (Green Tomb), built of marble and cut stone and decorated with exquisite turquoise ceramics. Another is the Ulu Cami, a mosque where the Sultan met with his entourage to discuss official business. The noise of the fountain meant no-one could hear their conversation. The city's main source of income has long been silk ant the silk worm.

Today, several planets are in operation producing woolen, silk and cotton yarn and textiles which are exported to many countries around the globe. Bursa is also well known for its hot springs and its towels, manufactured initially to meet the needs of the people coming to these springs. Such towels are now produced in large quantities in high-technology plants and are in demand throughout Turkey and the rest of the world. The main economic development for Bursa has been the boom in production of automobiles and automotive parts. Today, the plants in Bursa can produce more than 200 thousand vehicles a year. Another source of income for Bursa is tourism. Uludag mountain, measuring 2443 meters, has become Turkey's leading ski resort, and draws visitors throughout the summer with its beautiful landscape and hiking tracks. The cuisine of Bursa is well known for specialties such as doner kebab, a broiled lamb meat served with hot butter and yoghurt and the marron glace (candied chestnut).

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